Everything You Need to Know About Preterm Labour

Preterm labour starts before a woman completes 37 weeks of her pregnancy. Labour could be defined as a series of constant, progressive uterine contractions that allow the cervix to efface and dilate. Even though the cause of preterm labour is not known, infections, hormonal changes, vaginal bleeding, and stretching of uterus are generally held responsible. For more information, please go through the rest of the write-up now.

Preterm Labour Symptoms

According to the best gynecologist in Kolkata, some of the common symptoms of preterm labour are as follows –

  1. Menstrual cramps
  2. Tightening of uterus more than four times in an hour
  3. Diarrhoea
  4. Backache
  5. Pressure in the lower abdomen
  6. Fluid discharge from the vagina

How Preterm Labour is Diagnosed?

A gyne surgeon in Kolkata utilizes an electronic monitor to check how frequently the contractions are occurring and their duration. The monitor has a tiny device that’s placed on your abdomen with the help of a belt. The device identifies and sends data about contractions. The baby’s heart rate is also observed. Cervical exam, transvaginal ultrasound test, and fetal fibronectin test also helps a doctor diagnose preterm labour.

How Preterm Labour is Treated?

  1. A woman should rest as much as she can.
  2. According to the best laparoscopic surgeon in Kolkata, tocolytic medicines can slow down or stop the contractions. These medicines are either injected into the veins or given as shot.
  3. Corticosteroids allow the lungs of a baby to mature without any hassle. Premature babies’ lungs do not function properly.
  4. Antibiotics can treat infections.
  5. Cervical cerclage is the process of stitching the cervix. It is recommended when a woman’s cervix becomes weak and fail to stay closed.

Complications of Preterm Labour

Preterm labour results in premature birth. Premature babies experience the following –

  1. Breathing issues
  2. Blood vessel and heart problems
  3. Trouble in maintaining the overall body temperature
  4. Kidney problems
  5. Digestive problems
  6. Infections
  7. Seizures

Babies manage to survive even when they are born small and early. That said, it is best if women can prevent preterm labour. Prenatal care enables you to find lifestyle factors that increases the chances of preterm labour and birth. Women should stop smoking and receive progesterone injections. On noticing any symptom of preterm labour, please get in touch with a healthcare provider immediately.